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DNS Timeline


The timeline covers the development of the Internet's Domain Name System from the inception of the ARPANET in 1969 to the present day. It is a work-in-progress, so if you have any additions or corrections, please contact us (link to contact form).

Prehistory

  • 29th October 1969 – First ARPANET message sent between UCLA and SRI.
  • 21st November 1969 – First permanent ARPANET link established.
  • 5th December 1969 – Four node ARPANET established.
  • 23rd December 1969 - Jon Postel starts work at UCLA as Postgraduate Research Engineer (I)
  • March 1970 – ARPANET reaches US East Coast.
  • 20-September-1971: "Standardization of host mnemonics", Karp. P (RFC226) published. Introduces standardised naming of ARPAnet hosts.
  • 1972 - Network Information Centre (NIC) established by Elizabeth Feinler at Stanford University to co-ordinate host addresses.
  • 1973 – Norway connects to the ARPANET
  • 1973 - UK (UCL) connects to ARPANET.
  • 22nd June 1973 - Arpawocky, Merryman, R. (RFC527) published; contains references to NIC.
  • 24th August 1973 - Postel leaves UCLA for MITRE.
  • 1975 – ARPANET declared operational.1
  • 1975 – ARPANET transferred from DoD ARPA agency to DoD DCA agency.2
  • March 1977 – Postel joins USC-ISI as Assistant Professor
  • September 1981 – Internet Domain Names, Mills, D. L. (RFC799) published.
  • August 1982 "The Domain Naming Convention for Internet User Applications", Postel, J. & Su, Z.S. (RFC819) published.

1983-1990

  • 1983: ARPANET splits into MILNET (Military) and civilian (Internet) networks.



1990 to 2000

  • 3rd January 1990 - .HK created.39
  • 15th June 1990 - .LK created.40
  • 30th July 1990 - .PL created.41
  • August 1990 Responsibilities of Host and Network Managers, Van Bokkelen. J. (RFC1173) published.
  • August 1990 IAB Recommended Policy on Distributing Internet Identifier Assignment, Cerf, V. (RFC1174) published.
  • August 1990 What is the IANA?, Malkin, J., Marine, A., Reynolds J. (RFC1177) published.
  • August 1990 Choosing a Name for Your Computer, Libes, D. (RFC1178) published.
  • 10th September 1990 - .CR created.42
  • 10th September 1990 - .UY created.43
  • 14th September 1990 - .PH created.44
  • 17th September 1990 - .TR created.45
  • 19t September 1990 - .SU created.46
  • 7th November 1990 - .HU created.47
  • 7th November 1990 - .ZA created.48
  • 28th November 1990 - .CN created.49
  • 30th November 1990 - .EG created.50
  • 1st February 1991 - .EC created.51
  • 26th February 1991 - .BO created.52
  • 7th March 1991 - .VE created.53
  • 8th May 1991 - .NA created.54
  • 17th May 1991 - .TN created.55
  • 25th August 1991 - .DO created.56
  • 3rd September 1991 - .AG created.57
  • 3rd September 1991 - .BB created.58
  • 3rd September 1991 - .BS created.59
  • 3rd September 1991 - .BZ created.60
  • 3rd September 1991 - .DM created.61
  • 3rd September 1991 - .KN created.62
  • 3rd September 1991 - .LC created.63
  • 3rd September 1991 - .SR created.64
  • 3rd September 1991 - .TT created.65
  • 3rd September 1991 - .VC created.66
  • 9th September 1991 - .PY created.67
  • 24th September 1991 - .JM created.68
  • 26th September 1991 - .PG created.69
  • 6th November 1991 - .ZW created.70
  • 25th November 1991 - .PE created.71
  • 24th December 1991 - .CO created.72
  • 26th February 1992 - .AQ created.73
  • 19th March 1992 - National Science Foundation issues solicitation for domain registration services manager (NIC) 74
  • 1st April 1992 - .SI created.75
  • 21st April 1992 - .AL created.76
  • 3rd June 1992 - .CU created.77
  • 3rd June 1992 - .EE created.78
  • 3rd June 1992 - .FJ created.79
  • 3rd June 1992 - .GD created.80
  • 3rd June 1992 - .LT created.81
  • 3rd June 1992 - .PK created.82
  • August 1992 - Privacy and Accuracy Issues in Network Information Center Databases, Curran, J. & Marine, A. (RFC1355) published.
  • 14th August 1992 - .GT created.83
  • 4th September 1992 - .MZ created.84
  • 17th September 1992 - .MO created.85
  • 26th October 1992 - .KW created.86
  • 1st December 1992 - .AE created.87
  • 1st December 1992 - .UA created.88
  • 2nd December 1992 - .GE created.89
  • 2nd December 1992 - .MT created.90
  • 1st January 1993 - First Cooperative Agreement between National Science Foundation and Network Solutions Inc. (NCR-9218742)
  • 13th January 1993 - .CZ created.91
  • 13th January 1993 - .LS created.92
  • 26th February 1993 - .LI created.93
  • 26th February 1993 - .RO created.94
  • 27th February 1993 - .HR created.95
  • 27th February 1993 - .ID created.96
  • 19th March 1993 - .BW created.97
  • 19th March 1993 - .SN created.98
  • 29th March 1993 - .BF created.99
  • 29th March 1993 - .SK created.100
  • 31st March 1993 - .BM created.101
  • 16th April 1993 - .HN created.102
  • 29th April 1993 - .KE created.103
  • 29th April 1993 - .LV created.104
  • 14th May 1993 - .FO created.105
  • 19th July 1993 - .SZ created.106
  • 25th August 1993 - .AZ created.107
  • 25th August 1993 - .LB created.108
  • 9th September 1993 - .AN created.109
  • 23rd September 1993 - .MK created.110
  • 29th September 1993 - .ML created.111
  • 13th October 1993 - .NC created.112
  • 26th November 1993 - .MA created.113
  • 3rd January 1994 - .DZ created.114
  • 1st February 1994 - .BH created.115
  • 1st March 1994 – Domain Name System Structure and Delegation, Postel, J. (RFC1591) published.
  • 24th March 1994 - .MD created.116
  • 25th March 1994 - .ZM created.117
  • 1st April 1994 - Amendment 1 to Cooperative Agreement
  • 6th April 1994 - .IR created.118
  • 7th April 1994 - .RU created.119
  • 8th April 1994 - .GL created.120
  • 14th April 1994 - .VN created.121
  • 15th April 1994 - .GU created.122
  • 19th April 1994 - .SB created.123
  • 10th May 1994 - .BY created.124
  • 17th May 1994 - .SQ created.125
  • 25th May 1994 - .PA created.126
  • 3rd June 1994 - .BN created.127
  • 26th July 1994 - .CY created.128
  • 9th August 1994 - .GN created.129
  • 26th August 1994 - .AM created.130
  • 13th September 1994 - .GY created.131
  • 19th September 1994 - .KZ created.132
  • 4th November 1994 - .SV created.133
  • 23rd November 1994 - .JO created.134
  • 12th December 1994 - .GA created.135
  • January 1995 - Amendment 2 to Cooperative Agreement
  • 3rd January 1995 - .BG created.136
  • 19th January 1995 - .GH created.137
  • 20th January 1995 - .MC created.138
  • 25th January 1995 - .NP created.139
  • 27th January 1995 - .CL created.140
  • 27th January 1995 - .LU created.141
  • 14th February 1995 - .CI created.142
  • 16th February 1995 - .AI created.143
  • 2nd March 1995 - .MN created.144
  • 8th March 1995 - .UG created.145
  • 15th March 1995 - .NG created.146
  • April 1995 - Amendment 3 to Cooperative Agreement
  • 10th April 1995 - .VU created.147
  • 19th April 1995 - .FM created.148
  • 19th April 1995 - .KI created.149
  • 29th April 1995 - .CM created.150
  • 29th April 1995 - .UZ created.151
  • 3rd May 1995 - .KY created.152
  • 12th July 1995 - .KG created.153
  • 14th July 1995 - .TZ created.154
  • 14th July 1995 - .WS created.155
  • 25th July 1995 - .MG created.156
  • 8th August 1995 - .CK created.157
  • 16th August 1995 - .SM created.158
  • 31st August 1995 - .VI created.159
  • 11th September 1995 - .VA created.160
  • 13th September 1995 - Amendment 4 to Cooperative Agreement
  • 6th October 95 - .MU created.161
  • 15th October 95 - .ET created.162
  • 15th November 1995 - .AO created.163
  • 5th December 1995 - .GI created.164
  • 18th December 1995 - .TO created.165
  • 9th January 1996 - .AD created.166
  • 18th January 1996 - .BJ created.167
  • 20th February 1996 - .AW created.168
  • 20th February 1996 - .KH created.169
  • 20th February 1996 - .SY created.170
  • 18th March 1996 - .NF created.171
  • 18th March 1996 - .TV created.172
  • 19th March 1996 - .PF created.173
  • 11th April 1996 - .OM created.174
  • 24th April 1996 - .CF created.175
  • 24th April 1996 - .MR created.176
  • 24th April 1996 - .NE created.177
  • 14th May 1996 - .LA created.178
  • 22nd May 1996 - .DJ created.179
  • 12t June 1996 - .QA created.180
  • 25th hJuly 1996 - .GF created.181
  • 7th August 1996 - .GG created.182
  • 8th August 1996 - .JE created.183
  • 14th August 1996 - .BA created.184
  • 16th August 1996 - .MH created.185
  • 19th August 1996 - .YE created.186
  • 5th September 1996 - .TG created.187
  • 11th September 1996 - .IM created.188
  • 24th September 1996 - .ER created.189
  • 25th September 1996 - .MV created.190
  • 21st October 1996 - .BI created.191
  • 21st October 1996 - .CV created.192
  • 21st October 1996 - .GP created.193
  • 21st October 1996 - .RE created.194
  • 22nd October 1996 - .MP created.195
  • 3rd January 1997 - .MW created.196
  • 6th January 1997 - Amendment 5 to Cooperative Agreement
  • 14th January 1997 - .CG created.197
  • 27th January 1997 - .TC created.198
  • 4th February 1997 - .GW created.199
  • 4th February 1997 - .MM created.200
  • 20th February 1997 - .VG created.201
  • 6th March 1997 - .HT created.202
  • 6th March 1997 - .MS created.203
  • 6th March 1997 - .SD created.204
  • 26th March 1997 - .FK created.205
  • 28th March 1997 - .GM created.206
  • 28th March 1997 - .MQ created.207
  • 7th April 1997 - .RE created.208
  • 9th April 1997 - .LR created.209
  • 23rd April 1997 - .LY created.210
  • 24th April 1997 - .CX created.211
  • 9th May 1997 - .IQ created.212
  • 9th May 1997 - .SC created.213
  • 9th May 1997 - .SL created.214
  • 9th May 1997 - .TP created.215
  • 30 May 1997 - .TM created.216
  • 12th June 1997 - .AS created.217
  • 12th June 1997 - .PW created.218
  • June 1997 * 13th September 1995 - Amendment 6to Cooperative Agreement
  • 20 June 1997 - .NU created.219
  • 10 July 1997 - .GQ created.220
  • 10 July 1997 - .PN created.221
  • 1 July 1997: President W J Clinton issues Framework for Global Electronic Commerce; directs the Secretary of Commerce to privatize the management of the domain name system ("DNS") in a manner that increases competition and facilitates international participation in its management.222
  • 16th July 1997 - .BT created.223
  • 24 July 1997 - .HM created.224
  • 31st July 1997 - .GS created.225
  • 20 August 1997 - .CD created.226
  • 20 August 1997 - .PM created.227
  • 21st August 1997 - .BV created.228
  • 21st August 1997 - .SJ created.229
  • 26 August 1997 - .TF created.230
  • 28 August 1997 - .SO created.231
  • 16th September 1997 - .IO created.232
  • 23rd September 1997 - .SH created.233
  • 13th October 1997 - .CC created.234
  • 16th October 1997 - .AF created.235
  • 23rd October 1997 - ccTLD News Memo #1 ("Policies and Procedures") issued by Jon Postel.
  • 3rd November 1997 - .TD created.236
  • 7th November 1997 - .ST created.237
  • 7th November 1997 - .TK created.238
  • 14th November 1997 - .WF created.239
  • 17th November 1997 - .YT created.240
  • 3rd December 1997 - Amendment 7 to Cooperative Agreement
  • 3rd December 1997 - Amendment 8 to Cooperative Agreement
  • 11st December 1997 - .TJ created.241
  • 19th December 1997 - .AC created.242
  • 29th December 1997 - ccTLD News Memo #2 ("Cessation of US Government Funding") issued by Jon Postel.
  • 30 January 1998: Ira Magaziner (Senior Policy Advisor to President Clinton) issues “Green Paper”.
  • 30th March 1998 - .NR created.243
  • April 1998 - Amendment 9 to Cooperative Agreement
  • 8th June 1998 - .KM created.244
  • 8 June 1998: Department of Commerce issues Management of Internet Names and Addresses (the "White Paper").
  • 18th September 1998 – ICANN established.
  • 30th September 1998 – ICANN incorporates in California (CA entity # C2121683)
  • 1st October 1998 Amendment 10 to Cooperative Agreement
  • November 1998: Department of Commerce enters into a Memorandum of Understanding with ICANN “for collaborative development and testing of the mechanisms, methods, and procedures necessary to transition management responsibility for specific DNS functions to the private sector.”
  • 2nd - 4th March 1999 – ICANN 1 1st in Singapore.
  • .EH21 April 1999: ICANN selects five Accredited Registrars to participate in Phase I testing of the SRS.
  • 20th May 1999 - .BD created. 245
  • 25th - 27th May 1999 – ICANN 2 in Berlin, Germany.
  • 25th May 1999 – ICANN issues "Statement of IANA TLD Delegation Practices (ICP-1)"
  • 27th May 1999 – ICANN 2nd Ends http://meetings.icann.org/calendar
  • June 1999 – Paul Twomey becomes the first Chair of the Government Advisory Committee (GAC) 246
  • 23rd -26th August 1999 – ICANN 3 in Santiago de Chile.
  • September 1999 – .EH created. 247
  • 1st - November 1999 – ICANN 4 in Los Angeles, California.
  • November 1999 – Louis Touton recruited as ICANN employee #1. Serves as Vice President, General Counsel, and Secretary.

2000-2010

  • 11th February 2000 – ICANN issues report on changing of the .PN (Pitcairn Is.) ccTLD manager.248
  • 23rd February 2000 – "Principles for Delegation and Administration of Country Code Top Level Domains" issued by ICANN's Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC)
  • 24th February 2000 – "Best Practices Guidelines for ccTLD Managers" 1st Draft formally submitted to ICANN by CENTR249
  • 7th-10th March 2000 – http://archive.icann.org/en/meetings/cairo2000 ICANN 5 in Cairo
  • 5th March 2000–Alternate ccTLD Best Practices Draft (Prepared by IATLD and submitted to ICANN]at Cairo ) https://archive[[ICANN]]org/en/s/cairo2000/altbestpracdraft v2 05mar00htm
  • 22nd March 2000 – .PS created 250
  • 7th July 2000 - General Counsel of the United States' Government Asset Office (GAO) gives written opinion on root authority 251
  • 13th - 17th July 2000 – ICANN 6 in Yokohama, Japan.
  • 13th - 16h November 2000 – [http://archive.icann.org/en/meetings/mdr2000|ICANN 7 in Marina del Rey, California.
  • 9th - 13th March 2001 – ICANN 8 in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 1st June 2001 – ICANN 9 in Stockholm, Sweden.
  • 7th - 10th September 2001 – ICANN10 in Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • 10th September 2001 – ICANN Board issued report on change of manager of the .AU (Australia) ccTLD252
  • 12th November 2001 – ICANN 11 with armed guards in Marina del Rey, California.
  • 10th March 2002 – ICANN 12 in Accra, Ghana.
  • June 2002 – KPNQwest enters insolvency. DNS for over 60 TLDs threatened 253
  • 24th June 2002 – ICANN 13 in Bucharest, Romania.
  • 25th June 2002 – ccTLD managers oppose imposition of zone data escrow by ICANN Requirement for ccTLDs 254
  • June 2002 – Paul Twomey completes term as Chair of the Government Advisory Committee (GAC)255
  • 27th-31st October 2002 – ICANN 14 Shanghai http://meetings.icann.org/calendar
  • December 2002 – ccTLDs managers withdraw from ICANN formal structures ICANN256
  • 14th December 2002 – ICANN 15, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • 14th December 2002 – ICANN's DNSO ceases to exist.
  • 14th December 2002 – ICANN Generic Name Supporting Organisation (GNSO) created
  • 18th February 2003 – World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) , Geneva
  • 23rd March 2003 – ICANN 16, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
  • March 2003 - Mike Roberts steps down as ICANN President
  • March 2003 – Paul Twomey hired as ICANN's second President and CEO 257
  • 22nd - 26th June 2003 – ICANN 17, Montreal, Canada.
  • 26th June 2003 – ICANN Country Code Names Supporting Organisation (ccNSO) created 258
  • June 2003 – Louis Touton leaves post as ICANN's Vice President, General Counsel, and Secretary259
  • 27th -31st October 2003 – CANN 18 in Carthage, Tunisia.
  • 2nd - 6th March 2004 – ICANN 19 in Rome, Italy.
  • 19th July 2004 – ICANN 20, Kuala Lumpur http://meetings.icann.org/calendar
  • 19th July 2004 – Delegation and Redelegation (presentation to ccTLDs by Peter Dengate Thrush) http://archive[[ICANN]]org/en/s/kualalumpur/
  • 1st December 2004 – ICANN 21, Cape Town http://meetings.icann.org/calendar
  • 23rd March 2005 – .TL created 260
  • 5th April 2005 – ICANN's Governmental Advistory Committee issues major revision of its "Principles for Delegation and Administration of Country Code Top Level Domains"261
  • 28th April 2005 – .EU created262
  • 30th June 2005 – US Government issues "Principles on the Internet's Domain Name and Addressing System" http://www.ntia.doc.gov/other publication/2005/us_principles internets_domain_name_and_addressing system
  • 28th July 2005 – ICANN forces change of .IQ ccTLD manager 263
  • 28th July 2005 – ICANN forces change of .KZ ccTLD manager 264
  • 12th June 2006 – .AX created 265
  • 16th Jan 2007 – ICANN Board (resolution 0704) approves motion to remove UM from the root Report on Revocation of the UM Top Level Domain (2007 01 10)
  • 24th September 2007 – .KP created.266
  • 24th September 2007 – .ME created.267
  • 24th September 2007 – .RS created.268
  • 11th October 2007 – .BL created 269
  • 11th October 2007– .MF created 270
  • 20th November 2007 – .BB recreated 271
  • 12th March 2008 – US Government writes to ICANN instructing no future action regarding UM without USG approval272
  • 21st April 2008 – ICANN revokes .UM TLD273
  • 2nd May 2008 – US Government write sto to Bill Manning asserting that the .UM TLD is an asset belonging to the United States{FOOTNOTE}
  • 3rd February 2009 – ICANN Board resolves to transfer control of .SO to the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications of the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia274
  • June 2009 – Paul Twomey retires as ICANN's second President and CEO 275
  • June 2009 – Rod Beckstrom becomes [[ICANN]]'s third President and CEO
  • July 2009 – Paul Twomey becomes [[ICANN]]'s Senior President https://wwwlinkedincom/profile/view?id=6849030&authType=NAME_SEARCH&authToken=Ldpx&locale=en_US&trk=tyah2&trkInfo=tarId%3A1411609218326%2Ctas%3APaul%20Two%2Cidx%3A1 1 1 {FOOTNOTE}

2010 to today

  • January 2010 – Paul Twomey retires as [[ICANN]]'s Senior President {FOOTNOTE()}https://www.linkedin.com/profile/view?id=6849030&authType=NAME_SEARCH&authToken=Ldpx&locale=en_US&trk=tyah2&trkInfo=tarId%3A1411609218326%2Ctas%3APaul%20Two%2Cidx%3A1/1/1
  • 7th Mar 2010 – Rod Beckstrom announces Pay to Play policy at ccNSO
  • 20th Dec 2010–.BQ created.276
  • 20th Dec 2010–.CW created.277
  • 20th Dec 2010–.SX created.278
  • 31st Aug 2011 .SS created.279




74. https://web.archive.org/web/19970502090059/http://www.rs.internic.net/nsf/solicitation.html
222. http://archive.icann.org/en/nsi/factsheet.htm
246. [https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/paul_twomey_2014_05_22_en
248. https://www.iana.org/reports/2000/pn-report-11feb00.html
249. http://archive.icann.org/en/s/cairo2000/centr_cctld_best_practices_24feb00.htm
250. http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/ps.html
251. http://www.gao.gov/assets/90/89949.pdf
253. http://wwww.wtld.org/s/cctld/20020625/icann_AXFR_KimDavies.html
254. http://wwww.wtld.org/s/cctld/20020625/icann_AXFR_KimDavies.html
255. https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/paul_twomey_2014_05_22_en
256. http://www.dnso.org/constituency/cctld/cctld.html
257. https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/paul_twomey_2014_05_22/en
258. http://archive.icann.org/en/s/montreal/ccnso_organization_topic.htm
259. https://www.icann.org/news/announcement_2003_05_22/en
260. IANA Report on the Delegation of the TL Top Level Domain (2005 08 05)
261. https://gacweb.icann.org/download/attachments/27132037/ccTLD_Principles_0pdf?version=1&modificationDate=132381 11999889000&api=v2
262. https://www.iana.org/reports/2005/eu-report-05aug2005.pdf
263. http://www.the.register.co.uk/2005/12/29/us_undermines_internet/
264. http://www.the.register.co.uk/2005/12/29/us_undermines_internet/
265. IANA Report on the Delegation of the AX Top Level Domain (2006 06 09)
266. http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/kp..html
267. http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/me.html
268. http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/rs.html
269. http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/bl.html
270. http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/mf.html
271. Report on the Redelegation of the BB Top Level Domain to the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Development’s Telecommunications Unit (2007 11 20)
272. https://www.iana.org/reports/2007/um-report-10jan2007.html
273. https://www.iana.org/reports/2007/um-report-10jan2007.html)
274. https://www.iana.org/reports/2009/so-report-03feb2009.html
275. https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/paul_twomey_2014_05_22_en
276. http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/bq.html
277. http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/cw.html
278. http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/sx.html
279. http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/ss.html